Average cost of kitchen Renovation
You don't have to replace everything at once, either. You can reface or refinish your cabinets instead of replacing them, which could save you time and money. You also have the option to refinish your appliances if they're outdated or need that stainless steel look to increase your kitchen appeal. Consider some of these alternative options if you want to save money on installing all-new cabinets or appliances.
Where Will the Money Go?According the National Kitchen & Bath Association, kitchen remodeling costs break down as follows:
- Design fees: 4%
- Installation: 17%
- Appliances and ventilation: 14%
- Cabinetry and hardware: 29%
- Countertops: 10%
- Lighting: 5%
- Flooring: 7%
- Doors and windows: 4%
- Walls and ceilings: 5%
- Faucets and plumbing: 4%
- Other: 1%
Small Kitchen Remodel Costs and Condo RenovationsIf your kitchen is small or cramped and you only have a small area to work with, you'll have more limited options for a kitchen remodel. The cost to remodel a small kitchen usually averages between $5, 000 and $15, 000, depending on what you decide to install, repair or upgrade.There are many changes homeowners can make to their small kitchen or condo kitchen without making structural changes. It's important to be prepared with a budget and expect to do some of the work as DIY projects to save on time and money. Here are some other recommendations that are inexpensive but will help you upgrade and remodel your small kitchen:
- Green updates: LED lighting, environmentally friendly faucets, green appliances and double-paned windows are all possible without gutting the kitchen. If you want to update the lighting while remaining eco-friendly, you can install under-cabinet and counter LED lights, which might require some additional wiring. You can also install recessed lighting fixtures in the ceiling to save on hitting hanging lamps or ceiling fixtures.
- Maximizing storage: If you're lacking storage space in your cabinets and pantries, you can install lazy susans, roll-out trays, double pull-out shelves and other tiered racks. This way, you don't have to install more cabinets into a small kitchen and lose space.
- Pull-out countertops: If you need more room to prepare food or chop vegetables, you can have a countertop contractor install a counter extension that you can flip or pull out when you need it. You'll get more prep space without constantly bumping into it or reducing the space in your kitchen.
- Smaller appliances: If your small kitchen was built with large appliances like a dishwasher, refrigerator, oven, range or stove, consider downgrading to their smaller and greener alternatives. This will give you more space for storage or just easier movement around your kitchen.
$10, 000 to $15, 000 RemodelWhen you're willing to spend between $10, 000 and $15, 000 on a kitchen remodel, you'll do some of the work yourself and hire a professional for some of the smaller projects. You should attempt to do as much of the work yourself, and if possible, purchase some of the materials before calling in the professionals. While contractors can get some materials for wholesale prices, some might charge extra for the purchase and labor. Save time and money by getting them in advance and then paying for installation.Some projects typically involved in a , 000 to , 000 kitchen remodel include:
- Upgrading your kitchen sink and faucet
- Installing or replacing your countertops with inexpensive materials (laminate, vinyl, tile)
- Adding a tile backsplash
- Refacing or refinishing your cabinets
- Installing stock cabinets
- Upgrading your appliances
- Painting your walls and ceilings
- Installing energy-efficient lighting in the ceiling and under the cabinet
, 000 to , 000 RemodelWhen you're working with a , 000 to , 000 kitchen remodel budget, you can leave more work to the professionals instead of doing much of it yourself. This might include refinishing or refacing your countertops, painting the walls and ceilings, installing new lighting and rewiring some electrical work. You can also focus on replacing your flooring, if it's particularly worn, and look at more high-grade countertop material like stone (granite, Corian, Formica). You might be able to invest in custom cabinets, move some of the plumbing, or have a kitchen island in this price range, but you might have to compromise on other upgrades in the process.Projects that you could take on for the , 000 to , 000 kitchen remodel cost range include:
- Replacing your countertops with high-quality materials (stone, wood, metal)
- Installing custom cabinets
- Building a kitchen island
- Installing high-end kitchen appliances
- Adding recessed lighting and rewiring as necessary
- Replacing your floor
$30, 000+ RemodelWhen you spend $30, 000 or more on a kitchen remodel, you'll have more leeway to pick and choose which improvements you want to make to the kitchen. You might want to do everything on this list:
- Installing high-end appliances with the EnergyStar rating
- Adding granite countertops
- Installing a new sink and faucet
- Having custom cabinets built
- Opting for additional overhead lighting
- Adding hardwood flooring
Kitchen Renovation Cost FactorsWhen estimating the cost of a kitchen remodel, there are various factors to keep in mind. The most important are budget, longevity, and what other homeowners in the neighborhood are doing with their kitchens. By planning a remodel around these factors, it's possible to come out with a kitchen that meets expectations, lasts for a long time and will recoup the majority of its original cost in the resale.
BudgetBudget should be a homeowner's number one concern when planning a kitchen remodel. It shapes how much can be accomplished with a kitchen remodel, the materials available, how much professional help to call in, and what the final product will look like, among other aspects. If you don't plan a budget appropriately, there's a good chance that you will find yourself in debt by the end of the project or left with a half-finished kitchen after the funds run out.Homeowners should expect to spend an average of $5, 000 for a low-cost remodel, $25, 000 for a mid-range remodel and $45, 000 for a major kitchen remodel. You should also set aside additional money for any unexpected problems during the remodel. These issues can include plumbing, electrical, structural, and pest or toxic material problems that could arise. Be aware that if you hire professionals for the remodel, labor will factor into the budget. You should account for at least 25 percent of the total costs in addition to the contractor's hiring fee.
LongevityAs a homeowner, the next question you should ask when planning for a kitchen remodel is how long you plan to live in your home from the time of the remodel. If you plan to sell your home shortly after the remodel, you shouldn't spend too much money on it. The rule of thumb is that you should spend between 5 and 15 percent of their home's total value on your kitchen remodel. This is the optimum range for homeowners to spend and expect to recoup during a home's resale.If you plan to remain in your home for years after the remodel, then you should consider splurging on items like new countertops, appliances, cabinets and flooring. The fact you'll be living in the house for years to come means that you'll continue to find value in their repeated use. If you plan to live in your home for years or decades after the renovation, there's no point in spending money on a kitchen remodel and only making small changes.
NeighborhoodWhile this applies more to sellers than to lifetime homeowners, the neighborhood you live in should reflect the kind of changes you make in a kitchen remodel. Your kitchen should not be significantly more understated or overstated than other kitchens in the neighborhood. This could reflect poorly when potential buyers are perusing and comparing homes in the area. Ideally, you want a renovation that brings out the best qualities of your kitchen and also complements your home. Avoid any colors, styles and other design qualities in your kitchen that will disrupt the overall scheme of your home.
Cost of Typical Kitchen Remodeling ElementsHere are some of the elements that go into an average kitchen remodel and how much they cost, depending on whether you want a small, mid-range or major kitchen remodel:
|0 - 0 per appliance|
|$330 - $430 per faucet||$530 - $630 per faucet|
|$700 - $1, 1700||$1, 800 - $2, 800||$2, 900 - $3, 900|
|$500 - $1, 500||$1, 600 - $2, 100||$2, 200 - $2, 700|
Kitchen CountertopsCountertops play a major role in the look and usability of your kitchen. Choose the materials based on what looks and functions best. Within each category of materials, you'll find huge price swings depending on quality. Seamless materials, such as Corian and granite, tend to be more durable, but are generally more expensive. Formica and concrete tend to be cheaper, but add less value to the home. Tile can be pretty, but you can expect quite a bit of maintenance down the road. Kitchen countertop materials include:
- Bamboo ($2, 000 - $3, 000): eco-friendly, easy to clean, but susceptible to scratches and burns
- Concrete ($2, 600 - $5, 300): durable, heat-resistant, stain-resistant, but requires regular maintenance
- Laminate ($1, 200 - $2, 000): heat-resistant, stain-resistant, scratch-resistant, easy to clean, inexpensive, but can be damaged by knives and hot pans
- Paper composite ($90 - $130 per sq. ft.): durable, easy to clean, but susceptible to scratches and stains
- Metal ($2, 000 - $7, 000): durable, heat-resistant, stain-resistant, but can be scratched
- Recycled glass ($50 - $80 per sq. ft.): durable, heat-resistant, stain-resistant, easy to clean, but can chip or scratch
- Solid surface (Formica, Corian, Wilsonart, Avonite) ($1, 500 - $3, 000): renewable, nonporous, various choices, scratch-resistant but not heat-proof and can be stained
- Stone (quartz, marble, soapstone, granite) ($4, 000 - $7, 000): durable, heat-resistant, but requires regular maintenance and is prone to chipping
- Tile ($1, 000 - $4, 000): inexpensive, can be a DIY project, but susceptible to chips and scratches
- Wood ($2, 000 - $7, 000): natural material that lasts a long time, expands and contracts like flooring, durable, withstands burns and scratches
Kitchen CabinetsCabinets often make a room's first impression. If your cabinets are dated or damaged, potential buyers may walk away with a bad impression. The cost of new cabinets varies depending on whether you opt for custom or stock cabinets.
- Stock cabinets ($80 - $400) are pre-made and sold in home improvement stores. They are affordable, but can be found in a limited number of designs and sizes.
- Semi-custom cabinets ($150 - $1, 000) come in the same sizes as stock cabinets, but you can have them detailed at an extra cost. Semi-custom details include resizing drawers and door fronts and increasing or decreasing cabinet depth.
- Custom cabinets ($500 - $1, 500) are designed however you want them to look. Start with a standard cabinet and add on anything you want to meet your kitchen's needs. These are the most expensive and often require a skilled carpenter to create.
- Refaced cabinets ($4, 500 - $9, 100) can give your kitchen a new look for a fraction of the cost. Refacing involves removing the old cabinet doors, door fronts and any hardware. Next, select new elements and apply a wood veneer that matches the rest of the cabinet. With refacing, you don't have to replace the entire unit cabinet and still get a brand new face to your cabinet for a fraction of the cost.
- Refinished cabinets ($1, 400 - $3, 500) are less expensive than refaced ones. This process involves removing, sanding and staining the drawer fronts or doors. The end result is cabinets that look almost brand new without having to replace any of the parts. You'll probably need to hire a professional if your cabinet fronts are particularly dinged up, or if you're worried about how to proceed with either project.
AppliancesInvesting in a quality stove, dishwasher or refrigerator can certainly drive up your costs. If your objectives are to improve your home's value, though, skimping here can prove self-defeating. There are various kinds of appliances to choose from when planning your renovation, from EnergyStar-certified to custom built-in to high-end store bought to budget outlet appliances. Whichever type of appliance you decide to invest in will contribute to the total cost of your remodel as well as determine how long you'll have an appliance before you have to buy a new one.
- EnergyStar appliances ($200 - $3, 500) have been marked by the U.S. Department of Energy as energy-efficient appliances that benefit the environment and the consumer. While these appliances are more expensive up front than their noncertified counterparts, they last longer and offer savings in the form of lower utility bills. You can find all types of kitchen appliances that have been certified by EnergyStar: refrigerators, dishwashers, light bulbs and freezers.
- Custom built-in appliances ($1, 000 - $10, 000) also come with a higher upfront cost, but they can benefit your remodel in other ways. These appliances include the dishwasher, oven, range, stove, microwave and potentially the refrigerator. These installations sometimes involve some structural changes to the kitchen, which means additional labor and work by the general contractor. This also means the appliances take up less floor space, which can be good for a small kitchen remodel design.
- High-end store bought appliances ($300 - $5, 000) are less expensive than custom built-in appliances, but they're as expensive, if not more so, than EnergyStar appliances. They can last as long as EnergyStar appliances, depending on the brand. These are the appliances with all the bells and whistles, like sensors, hot water dispensers in the fridge and Bluetooth capabilities, but they don't always come with the capacity or the simple necessities that a homeowner requires.
- Budget outlet appliances ($100 - $2, 000) might not last as long as their high-end counterparts, but that will depend on the brand and whether you buy the appliance new or used. You should probably avoid buying most appliances used, but you can usually find appliances at an outlet store that are just a little dinged up from transport or used as displays in stores. These don't have all the extra features or technology that more expensive models do, but they can still do the job and will work in most kitchens.
FlooringThe largest factors in the cost of new flooring include the square footage and material you choose. Vinyl and linoleum flooring tend to be the most affordable options but add little or nothing to the value of your kitchen. Tile, granite and wood are more expensive options and will help to increase the value of your home. The more expensive flooring options sometimes prove to be the more difficult ones to maintain, though. Kitchens can be volatile workstations, and damage from stains, grease, heat and moisture can be as common as Sunday pancakes. If you can't keep up with the cleaning and maintenance, the more expensive flooring options might not be the best for you.The complete list of flooring options includes:
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